In the wake of the political and socioeconomic crisis, Venezuela has successfully registered itself in the list of the countries marked by escalating crime and mortality rates. Hyperinflation and diseases due to lack of necessities have become the prime cause of massive emigration.
The political chaos in the country is one of the major reasons behind the Venezuelan crisis, which started during the presidency of Hugo Chávez and has continued into Nicolas Maduro’s presidency. Shortages have led to economic war, political corruption, human rights violation and high dependence.
On many occasions, the Venezuelan government even tried to repress and criminalize the political opponents and criticism, indulging in extrajudicial executions and killings. Deteriorating productivity resulted in closure of companies, which in turn gave way to unemployment. All the factors have together contributed to the Venezuelan crisis.
Considering the existing crisis, Juan Guaido was declared as the acting Venezuelan president by National Assembly and received a formal recognition of legitimacy by almost 60 governments worldwide. Guaido’s election was a huge challenge to Maduro’s presidency, as he has often called the former a ploy by the US to oust him.
The move has only created a legislative chaos, with both the leaders Guaido and Maduro claiming themselves to be the presidents of Venezuela. The power struggle between the two political leaders is not abating, bringing global attention to the Venezuelan crisis.
The discontent amongst the parties have grown to the extent that on Tuesday, Juan Guaido, sitting at contested parliamentary speaker chair, was even stopped from entering Venezuela’s National Assembly by troops. Guaido and a number of fellow opposition lawmakers had to force their way in the chamber.
Only a few days prior, former opposition ally Luis Parra had named himself parliamentary speaker after claiming the support of 81 lawmakers mostly from President Nicolas Maduro’s Socialist party. As Guaido was blocked from entering parliament on Sunday too, he held a separate session at a newspaper in which 100 lawmakers backed his speakership.
Guaido vowed to preside over Tuesday’s legislative session. After breaking in, the group of opposition lawmakers gathered towards the chamber’s podium and swore in Guaido as Venezuela’s interim president.
Parra’s appointment was denounced as illegitimate by the countries that supported Guaido’s leadership in Venezuela. Corruption allegations further made his election quite impossible. But the way the National Assembly Speaker’s post was portrayed as the battle for last opposition stronghold was quite interesting.
As known, the National Assembly is the sole institution outside the hands of Maduro’s socialists. Guaido’s supporters have also described it as the nation’s last democratic institution.
The US also recognizes Juan Guaido’s leadership to be effective but despite all the consequential losses, the state institutions and military continue to support Maduro’s presidency.
Unless the ongoing rivalry for power is stopped, no measures brought to minimize the Venezuelan crisis, would benefit the citizens.
A data has suggested that about four million Venezuelans have left the country in the recent years. Colombia has the greatest number of Venezuelan refugees and migrants, with Peru, Ecuador and Brazil becoming the next consecutive hosts to the people.